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Muglãn the first novel by Govinda Raj Bhattarai is a heartrending tale of illiterate and naive Nepalese youths who are tricked to work as bondage laborers in Bhutan while in search of better future in IndiaIt is a saga of sorrow owing to lack of education and consciousness; there is cruelty of the heartless and extreme of exploitation The major theme is the dictatorship of the state and discrimination suffered by the immigrant Nepalese Thule and Satar the major characters represent thousands of poor innocent and illiterate Nepali youths who flee their homes every year with the dream of better uality of life but their dreams get shattered in the hands of frauds and tyrants in the alien land Various well known authors and critics like Parijat and Michael Hutt have spent words to praise the magic the twenty one year old author cast on the audience in those days and even nowFor Parijat Muglãn is “the second novel I have read in a single breath within a decade Unless the language style presentation is good it becomes difficult to read any literature” Muglan however is criticized for being too pessimistic in tone and exaggerating the then existing circumstances Muglan has been rendered into English from Nepali by Lekhnath Sharma Pathak

10 thoughts on “मुगलान

  1. says:

    Michael Hutt uotes from the book in Unbecoming Citizens Education was the empire of the village pundits who had so far successfully campaigned against a school and English education in the village and pushed the society back from the light of education The distinction between men and women was as great as that between earth and sky A woman who had to speak to a man had to cover her face for modesty Hutt 2014 This observation is of the society in Dorokha in Bhutan The year isn’t clear but it could be after the 1960s because Sutar the protagonist is a Nepalese youth who had left his home in Nepal in search of a job in India and had been duped by several Nepalis at the daurs and he had finally landed in a road construction site in western Bhutan The construction of roads at these places occurred during the decade of 1960 Interestingly the author currently a professor of Literature in Nepal was briefly a teacher in Samtse in the 70s His firsthand knowledge of the place allows him to recreate the geographical details with considerable accuracy The novel is lauded as a masterpiece by many readers and critics The best aspect of the novel is the elegance and stylishness of the Nepali prose in the novel The sentences are clear crisp and elegant The prose flows almost effortlessly While the book is a significant contribution to Nepali literature it has its weaknesses First the historicity of the circumstances as presented in the novel is uestionable There of course was a trend of Nepalese workers coming to Bhutan in search of work and perhaps many of them were duped and many perished; but the working conditions were by no means as harsh as the young author presents them to be Memories of local people corroborate to the author's claim that workers fled their workplace and many of them ended up staying as farmhands in Lotshampa villages down south; however no local account corroborates to the claim in the novel that providing shelter to the depitey a local term referring to people from outside the country it seems was considered illegal Other critics point to the excessive pessimism the novel contains I have a reservation to this though Life during those time wasn’t all that easy and pessimism was in fact a widespread phenomenon among many communities back then FUN FACT Talking to the local folks from Dorokha where I am from I could locate one such family that hosted a depitey whose story in all respects has a striking resemblance to that of Sutar in the novel Perhaps the writer was aware of the same – a conjecture from my part

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  3. says:

    Masterpiece in a true sense

  4. says:

    गाेविन्दराज भट्टराईकाे उपन्यास मुग्लान नेपालकाे विभिन्न स्थानका मानिसहरूकाे एउटा बाध्यात्मक तथा हृदयविदारक यथार्थता सँग सम्बन्धित रहेकाे छ । विगतमा र अहिले पनि वर्षेनी परदेशीने चलनकाे व्याख्या गरिएकाे छ । परदेशमा धेरै धन कमाउने अाशामा जाने तथा वास्तविकतामा हुने विशाल अन्तर स्वस्फूर्त रूपमा पहिल्याईएकाे छ । ज्यानकाे बाजी थापेर परदेशमा सहनुपर्ने विकराल कष्टकर र निरीह जिवनकाे यथार्थ व्याख्या गरिएकाे छ । साेझासाझालाई डर देखाई अत्यन्त अन्याय गर्ने शाेषकहरूकाे प्रवृत्ति देखाईएकाे छ । मानिसहरूलाई वस्तु सरह वा यन्त्र जस्तै गरि काम लगाउने निर्दयी व्यवहार देखिन्छ ।यस उपन्यासका पनि प्रमुख दुई पात्र ठूले र सुवेदार कान्छा तथा अन्य साथीहरूको संघर्षपूर्ण जिवन र अरू धेरैकाे त्यस्तै कष्टकर जीवन यापनले वास्तविकताकाे यथार्थ चित्रण गरेको छ । परदेशमा पाउने सास्ती र हैरानीकाे विश्लेषण बडाे मार्मिक तरिकाले प्रस्तुत गरिएको छ । अाफ्नाे जन्मभूमि छाडेर परदेशमा सुनाैलाे सपना बाेकेर जाने र पछी अनेक हण्डर खानुपर्ने दयनीय अवस्था देख्न सकिन्छ ।

  5. says:

    MUST READ४० वर्षमा गरिब नेपाली दाजु भाइको गन्तब्य फेरियो तर नियति फेरिएको छैन । मुगलान पढिरहदा मन कुडीन्छ र मुटुमा चिसो पर्छ । पढ्न सामेत दरो ह्रिदय चाहिने जीवन जियेका 'सुतार' र उनि जस्तै सपनाले तानेर र अभावले ठेलिएर मुगलान पसेका नेपाली दाजु भाइ र उनिहरुको बाटो कुरिरहेका सबै प्रति नमन । छिटै मुगलान पस्ने ऋङखलाको अन्तय होस भन्ने कामना ।

  6. says:

    I would say this is a must read book for every Nepalese who loves Nepali literature and likes reading book I dont know how many times I have cried reading this book some times when tears dropped in the pages then only I used to realise I was cryingHeart piercing story strongly narrating the struggles of Nepalese then which hasnt changed yet Even today may be the place and context is different but every Nepalese abroad can relate himself with this book Muglaan I heard Mr Govinda was very young when he wrote this book almost 20 or in his early twenty I wonder how could such young fellow then came up with this much of tragedy and painThank you for the wonderful book sir

  7. says:

    Really sir it’s my 1st ever time reading novel and my best I really feel myself inside the story hats off

  8. says:

    I want to read novel

  9. says:

    I love this novel

  10. says:

    One of the best Nepali books I've ever read Is realistic in many aspects Loved the ending life isn't always fun and games The book is neither overly descriptive which most nepali novels tend to be and nor is too slow in pacing Just the right amount of everything